Structure of DNA; drawing shows a chromosome, nucleosome, histone, gene, and nucleotide base pairs: guanine, cytosine, adenine, and thymine. Also shown is a cell and its nucleus.
Structure of DNA. Most DNA is found inside the nucleus of a cell, where it forms the chromosomes. Chromosomes have proteins called histones that bind to DNA. DNA has two strands that twist into the shape of a spiral ladder called a helix. DNA is made up of four building blocks called nucleotides: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C). The nucleotides attach to each other (A with T, and G with C) to form chemical bonds called base pairs, which connect the two DNA strands. Genes are short pieces of DNA that carry specific genetic information.
Cells or Tissue -- Normal Cells or Tissue
Science and Technology -- Genetics
|Type:||Color, Medical Illustration|
|Source:||National Cancer Institute|
|Creator:||Terese Winslow (Illustrator)|
|Date Created:||January 26, 2015|
|Date Added:||May 18, 2015|
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Rights holder: Terese Winslow